With every blink, our eye releases a complex layer of tears which helps keep the eye moist, maintain clear vision and protect the eye. Dry eye is a complex syndrome in which the tear layer is no longer able to keep the eye moist. This can occur due to a reduction in tear production or due to an increase evaporation of the tears.
What causes dry eye can vary greatly from person to person. The most common causes include:
Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and can include:
Traditionally, dry eye was diagnosed by taking a history, and observing the eye and tear layer. While useful, these tests do not accurately assess all the aspects of dry eye. Our dry eye clinic uses the latest infra red and digital assessment systems to look deeper into the eye, assessing the various parts of the eye that produce tears. he assessment includes:
How we treat the eye depends on the underlying cause. While lubrication drops are the most commonly used treatment, they may not necessarily be the best treatment for you. Some of the most commonly used treatments include:
IPL is a new way to treat dry eye. Using a specially designed pulsating light, the IPL improves the health and function of the the oil producing meibomian glands in the eyelids. Typically this treatment requires three or four treatments with regular follow up appointments. Our optometrist will determine as part of their dry eye assessment whether this treatment is appropriate for you. The following video explains the IPL treatment.
The Oculus Keratograph is the first instrument that allows us to assess and digitally analyse your dry eye. Using infrared technology we can assess the ducts and glands on the eye lid, as well as accurately measure and record how your tear layer functions.
By warming the eye lids at a constant, moist temperature we are able to unblock the meibomian glands, massage the ducts and enable this important part of the tear film to function. This will dramatically help to relieve your dry eye symptoms.